etablering

English translation: establishment

15:34 Jun 17, 2012
Norwegian to English translations [PRO]
Science - Agriculture / Horticulture
Norwegian term or phrase: etablering
Bruksområde:
1) Før oppspiring, før etablering eller etter høsting av alle kulturer.

I cannot understand if 'etablering' refers to the planting of the cultivation, i.e., establishing the cultivation, or refers to when the cultivation has become established, i.e., ripe/mature.

Thanks in advance!
Richard Green
United Kingdom
Local time: 09:40
English translation:establishment
Explanation:
The following explanation is taken from Wikipedia

"Seedling establishment
In some definitions, the appearance of the radicle marks the end of germination and the beginning of "establishment", a period that ends when the seedling has exhausted the food reserves stored in the seed. Germination and establishment as an independent organism are critical phases in the life of a plant when they are the most vulnerable to injury, disease, and water stress.[2] The germination index can be used as an indicator of phytotoxicity in soils. The mortality between dispersal of seeds and completion of establishment can be so high that many species have adapted to produce huge numbers of seeds."

Google "germination + establishment" for a lot more sources of information
Selected response from:

Erik Matson
Thailand
Local time: 16:40
Grading comment
Thanks Erik! This was really helpful.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
5 +2establishment
Erik Matson


Discussion entries: 4





  

Answers


2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
establishment


Explanation:
The following explanation is taken from Wikipedia

"Seedling establishment
In some definitions, the appearance of the radicle marks the end of germination and the beginning of "establishment", a period that ends when the seedling has exhausted the food reserves stored in the seed. Germination and establishment as an independent organism are critical phases in the life of a plant when they are the most vulnerable to injury, disease, and water stress.[2] The germination index can be used as an indicator of phytotoxicity in soils. The mortality between dispersal of seeds and completion of establishment can be so high that many species have adapted to produce huge numbers of seeds."

Google "germination + establishment" for a lot more sources of information

Example sentence(s):
  • "Germination and establishment as an independent organism are critical phases in the life of a plant when they are the most vulnerable to injury..."
  • "The mortality between dispersal of seeds and completion of establishment can be so high that many species have adapted to produce huge numbers of seeds."

    Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germination
    Reference: http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2425843?uid=3738744&ui...
Erik Matson
Thailand
Local time: 16:40
Native speaker of: Native in NorwegianNorwegian, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 4
Grading comment
Thanks Erik! This was really helpful.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Chris S
17 hrs

agree  Lene Johansen
18 hrs
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