Translation glossary: Theatre terms

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abstract artAny art in which the depiction of real objects has been subordinated or discarded in favor of patterns, lines and color. 
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acid-freeA vague term, referring to a material with a pH of 7 or higher. Sometimes used incorrectly as a synonym for alkaline or buffered material. Some acidic 
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acid-free corrugated cardboardCorrugated board that has been rendered acid-free; may be lignin free and/or buffered to raise the pH to 7 or above (alkaline). Used as a backing boar 
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acid-free foam boardA board made of foamed plastic (polystyrene) material sandwiched between coated paper from which the acids have been removed or have been chemically n 
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acrylic boxA box-like cover constructed from clear acrylic sheet. 
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acrylic paintArtists’ colors made by polymerizing a methyl methacrylate by emulsification, thus dispersing the resin into tiny particles in water. This fluid is us 
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acrylic paintingAn artwork executed with acrylic paint. 
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air brushAn instrument, powered by compressed air, used to spray paint with delicate control and precision. Paint (usually a fine water color) is held in a sma 
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animation celA clear plastic sheet onto which a drawing is copied, either by hand-inking or by a xerographic copier process. Colored paints are applied to the reve 
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antiquingA finishing technique used to give the appearance of age. 
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archivalBroadly used to describe materials that have the least harmful effects on the art being framed or stored and thus preserving such pieces for the longe 
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artA form of human activity created primarily as an aesthetic expression, especially, but not limited to drawing, painting and sculpture. 
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artisanA skillful craftsman. One skilled in an applied art. 
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artist’s proofHistorically, it was a print retained by the artist for his/her own use or sale. It may bear the designation A/P. 
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barnwoodRough, heavily grained wood with the texture and coloring of weathered wood, as on a barn. 
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BaroqueAn extremely elaborate and ornate artistic style. This dynamic, theatrical style dominated art and architecture in Europe during the 17th Century. 
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bas-reliefA sculptural relief technique in which the projection of the forms is relatively shallow. 
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batikOriginated in Java; a method of dyeing textiles. Wax is applied to sections of material which are to remain uncolored; the dyes do not penetrate wax. 
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bevelCutting or shaping the edge or end of a material to form an angle that is not a right angle, such as the bevel cut on the window edge of a mat. 
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birchA tree that grows in northern countries. The wood is hard and pale brownish yellow in color, dense and somewhat heavy. Even though hard, it is easy to 
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bird’s eye mapleA North American hardwood valued for cabinet work and frame molding. The hard, strong, heavy, close grained wood is beautifully patterned. This wood o 
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botanicalHaving to do with plants, most often used in reference to artwork depicting plants or flowers. 
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bottom matIn multiple mat combinations, that mat which is nearest the art. 
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bubble-packLightweight plastic sheet packaging material with air filled pockets. 
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bumper padSmall self-adhesive pad, made of rubber, cork or felt, used on the bottom corners of the dust cover or back of a frame to hold the frame away from the 
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calligraphyHandwriting as an art. Elegant penmanship with decoration and design of primary importance. 
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canvas1) A heavy woven fabric usually of cotton or linen, used as a support for a painting. The surface is prepared for painting by applying gesso or rabbit 
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canvas boardCommon gray cardboard or pasteboard to which a white cotton cloth, prepared for painting, has been glued or pasted. 
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canvas pliersHeavy pliers with elongated jaws for grasping the edges of a piece of canvas when stretching it onto a stretcher frame. A square extension at the midd 
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canvas transferA process which lifts the image on a print off the paper support so that it can be transferred to a canvas mount. 
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cast paperPaper made by pressing the pulp into a die or mold used for casting or shaping, becoming a work of art in and of itself. 
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cast(ing)To form into a particular shape by pouring fluid matter into a mold and allowing it to harden, such as making a picture frame ornament. 
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catalogue raisonnéA catalogue which chronicles all known works of an artist, along with pertinent details on each piece. 
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cherryA tree that grows in the northern hemisphere; the wood is hard and light weight. It is golden brown in color with a hint of green. It can be easily di 
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chestnutAmerican: A hardwood tree that grows in the northeastern United States; the wood is coarse in texture, moderately light and strong. It is grayish brow 
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chipboardA board made entirely from recycled paper products, containing a variety of impurities. It is an inexpensive mounting and backing board for non-conser 
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chop(v) To cut picture frame molding, usually at a 45 degree angle, to the length needed for a frame. (n) The length of molding cut for a picture frame. 
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chop markA small embossed seal or impression on a print, generally indicating the printer or artist. 
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cibachromeA color photograph based on the silver dye-bleach system. The necessary colors (azo dyes) are built into the emulsion layers. These colors are bleache 
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clear glassGlass made with a smooth or polished surface on both sides. It is not etched, coated or laminated. 
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climate controlThe control of temperature and relative humidity to produce an environment with little fluctuation, ideally 50 percent relative humidity and 70 degree 
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clip frameGeneric for a method of framing. A set of clips used to hold the glazing, art and backing together for display. Generally made of metal and not to be 
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coated paperPaper treated with clay or other adhesive mixture to improve the finish for printing, color, smoothness or other surface property. This also includes 
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collageArtwork created by securing pieces of paper, fabric or other materials onto a substrate. Though basically two-dimensional, it may have a sculptural ef 
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color1) Used to refer to perceived qualities that result from the response of vision to the wavelength of reflected or transmitted light. 2) Describes imag 
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color wheelA spectrum of colors placed in a circle including the three primary colors: red, yellow and blue, and the secondary colors: orange, green and purple. 
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complementary colorsColors which are directly opposite each other on the color wheel, e.g., red and green, blue and orange. 
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compoRelief ornaments made from a mixture of whiting, oil, resin and animal hide glue. Pliable when heated, self-adhesive when wet and hard when set. 
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compositionThe arrangement of elements, shapes and colors in a work of art. 
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conservation (preservation)In framing, it is the careful maintenance and protection of works of art. In conservation (preservation) framing, using materials and procedures that 
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