Translation glossary: Java terms

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abstractA Java keyword used in a class definition to specify that a class is not to be instantiated, but rather inherited by other classes. An abstract class 
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abstract classA class that contains one or more abstract methods, and therefore can never be instantiated. Abstract classes are defined so that other classes can ex 
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abstract methodA method that has no implementation. 
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Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT)A collection of graphical user interface (GUI) components that were implemented using native-platform versions of the components. These components pro 
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access controlThe methods by which interactions with resources are limited to collections of users or programs for the purpose of enforcing integrity, confidentiali 
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ACIDThe acronym for the four properties guaranteed by transactions: atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability. 
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actual parameter listThe arguments specified in a particular method call. See also formal parameter list. 
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APIApplication Programming Interface. The specification of how a programmer writing an application accesses the behavior and state of classes and objects 
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appletA component that typically executes in a Web browser, but can execute in a variety of other applications or devices that support the applet programmin 
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argumentA data item specified in a method call. An argument can be a literal value, a variable, or an expression. 
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arrayA collection of data items, all of the same type, in which each item\'s position is uniquely designated by an integer. 
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ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standard assignment of 7-bit numeric codes to characters. See also Unicode. 
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atomicRefers to an operation that is never interrupted or left in an incomplete state under any circumstance. 
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authenticationThe process by which an entity proves to another entity that it is acting on behalf of a specific identity. 
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authorizationSee access control. 
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autoboxingAutomatic conversion between reference and primitive types. 
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beanA reusable software component that conforms to certain design and naming conventions. The conventions enable beans to be easily combined to create an 
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binary operatorAn operator that has two arguments. 
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bitThe smallest unit of information in a computer, with a value of either 0 or 1. 
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bitwise operatorAn operator that manipulates the bits of one or more of its operands individually and in parallel. Examples include the binary logical operators (&, | 
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blockIn the Java programming language, any code between matching braces. Example: { x = 1; }. 
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booleanRefers to an expression or variable that can have only a true or false value. The Java programming language provides the boolean type and the literal 
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breakA Java keyword used to resume program execution at the statement immediately following the current statement. If followed by a label, the program resu 
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byteA sequence of eight bits. Java provides a corresponding byte type. 
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bytecodeMachine-independent code generated by the Java compiler and executed by the Java interpreter. 
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caseA Java keyword that defines a group of statements to begin executing if a value specified matches the value defined by a preceding switch keyword. 
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castingExplicit conversion from one data type to another. 
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catchA Java keyword used to declare a block of statements to be executed in the event that a Java exception, or run time error, occurs in a preceding try b 
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charA Java keyword used to declare a variable of type character. 
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classIn the Java programming language, a type that defines the implementation of a particular kind of object. A class definition defines instance and class 
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class methodA method that is invoked without reference to a particular object. Class methods affect the class as a whole, not a particular instance of the class. 
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class variableA data item associated with a particular class as a whole--not with particular instances of the class. Class variables are defined in class definition 
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classpathAn environmental variable which tells the Java virtual machine1 and Java technology-based applications where to find the class libraries, including us 
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clientIn the client/server model of communications, the client is a process that remotely accesses resources of a compute server, such as compute power and 
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codebaseWorks together with the code attribute in the <APPLET> tag to give a complete specification of where to find the main applet class file: code specifie 
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commentIn a program, explanatory text that is ignored by the compiler. In programs written in the Java programming language, comments are delimited using // 
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commitThe point in a transaction when all updates to any resources involved in the transaction are made permanent. 
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compilation unitThe smallest unit of source code that can be compiled. In the current implementation of the Java platform, the compilation unit is a file. 
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compilerA program to translate source code into code to be executed by a computer. The Java compiler translates source code written in the Java programming la 
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compositingThe process of superimposing one image on another to create a single image. 
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constA reserved Java keyword not used by current versions of the Java programming language. 
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constructorA pseudo-method that creates an object. In the Java programming language, constructors are instance methods with the same name as their class. Constru 
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continueA Java keyword used to resume program execution at the end of the current loop. If followed by a label, continue resumes execution where the label occ 
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conversational stateThe field values of a session bean plus the transitive closure of the objects reachable from the bean\'s fields. The transitive closure of a bean is d 
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CORBACommon Object Request Broker Architecture. A language independent, distributed object model specified by the Object Management Group (OMG). 
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core classA public class (or interface) that is a standard member of the Java Platform. The intent is that the core classes for the Java platform, at minimum, a 
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core packagesThe required set of APIs in a Java platform edition which must be supported in any and all compatible implementations. 
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credentialsThe information describing the security attributes of a principal. Credentials can be acquired only through authentication or delegation. 
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critical sectionA segment of code in which a thread uses resources (such as certain instance variables) that can be used by other threads, but that must not be used b 
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declarationA statement that establishes an identifier and associates attributes with it, without necessarily reserving its storage (for data) or providing the im 
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